Design & Supply of High Efficiency Thermal Fluid (Hot Oil, Dowtherm) Heating Systems
Thermal fluid heaters and hot oil systems are used in industrial applications for safe, consistent, and reliable indirect heating and cooling. In a closed-loop system, the thermal fluid circulates throughout the system, maintaining a steady supply of heat. Also sometimes referred to as hot oil heating system or a DOWTHERM™ heating system, these high-efficiency systems are found in a variety of applications in many industries, including:
- Food industry
- Process equipment
- Specialty paper
Thermal Fluid Heating System Design
At Thermal Fluid Systems, Inc., our high-efficiency thermal fluid heater design uses a three-pass configuration. Each carbon steel, high-efficiency thermal fluid heating system includes a three-pass dual helical coil heat exchanger, custom-designed isolation valves, a pump, strainer, a degasser, burner, expansion tank, temperature blocking vessel, and safety controls. You may also choose from additional options such as a drain tank and secondary heating and cooling controls.
We design each high-efficiency DOWTHERM heating system to customer specifications following rigorous quality standards, including:
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
- United States Coast Guard (USCG)
- American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
Based on the application and process needs, our thermal fluid heaters may be powered by:
- Natural gas
- Fuel oil numbers 2, 4, and 6
- Bunker C oil
- Waste liquid and gas products
A variety of NEMA ratings are also available, including 1, 3R, 4, 4X, 7, or 12.
Types of Thermal Fluid Heating Systems
Thermal fluid heating systems can operate on a variety of fuel sources. There are three main types of thermal fluid heating systems: gas (or liquid fuel), electric, and waste fuel. The right design for your application depends on factors such as:
- Thermal stability over a range of temperatures
- Equipment size
- System adaptability
- Physical properties such as the freezing, flash, and fire points; vapor pressure; viscosity; and rate of heat transfer
Each choice of thermal fluid system fuels has distinct advantages and disadvantages.
Gas Fired Systems
Since it burns efficiently, natural gas produces fewer harmful emissions. Gas operated heating systems also take less energy to run compared to the heat they produce, making them operationally efficient. However, natural gas prices can fluctuate widely, which sometimes results in a cost disadvantage.
Electric systems can be used where natural gas is unavailable and may be cheaper to operate in areas with low cost electricity. They also convert almost all of the input energy directly to heat for the process.
A high-efficiency hot oil heating system design typically does not need an operator on-site, even though it can reach much higher temperatures than water. The disadvantage is performance and cost across the different temperature ranges.
Waste Fueled Systems
There are numerous advantages of using biomass energy for heating. Waste-fueled systems are efficient, less expensive to operate and eco-conscious. The energy is renewable and saves the waste from other processes from being dumped in a landfill. Waste fueled systems also help to reduce dependence on the electrical grid, further improving their sustainability benefits. These systems are ideal for helping businesses meet goals for green energy.
High-Efficiency Thermal Fluid Heating Systems from Thermal Fluid Systems, Inc.
For over a quarter of a century, Thermal Fluid Systems, Inc. has provided high-efficiency thermal fluid heating systems to process industries. Our process heaters can be operated indoors or outdoors. They have an output range of 0.5 to 50,000,000+ BTU/hour, as well as a lower heating value efficiency of up to 90% or more.
We are pleased to provide end-to-end service for high-efficiency Dowtherm heating systems, from design and engineering to fabrication and service. Our on-site technical service and support department is here to support all the equipment we manufacture. To find out more about our capabilities or products, contact us or request a quote.
High Efficiency Thermal Fluid Heating System Capabilities
3 Pass Dual Helical Core
#2 Fuel Oil
#4 Fuel Oil
#6 Fuel Oil
Waste Gas Product
0.5 to 50,000,000+ BTU/hr
Up to 90%+ (LHV)
- Maintenance Inspection
Measure Burner Combustion
Check all Operating and Safety Controls
Check Heater Ancillary Equipment
Review Operating & Maintenance Procedures
Temperature Blocking Vessel
Secondary Heating Controls
API Standard 560
- Operating Temperature
200 to 750°F
- Design Temperature
- Operating Pressure
Pumping Pressure (No Internal Pressure)
- Design Pressure
Up to 150 psi
- Thermal Fluid Type
Mineral Oil,Synthetic or Specialty
480 to 575 V
50 to 60 Hz
+/- 1 °C
- NEMA Rating
- Additional Services
Maintenance & Repair
- Production Volume
Prototype to complete production system
- Industry Focus
- Intended Applications
Wood Board Plants
- Industry Standards
- File Formats